What is a wrinkle?

A wrinkle is an indentation of the skin or shallow or deep set lines caused by aging. Wrinkles usually go hand in hand with sagging skin. While we cannot stop the clock on aging, there are many precautions that can slow it down.

CQJ_0849‘Development of facial wrinkles is a kind of fibrosis of the skin. Misrepair-accumulation aging theory suggests that wrinkles develop from incorrect repairs of injured elastic fibers and collagen fibers. Repeated extensions and compressions of the skin cause repeated injuries of extracellular fibers in derma. During the repairing process, some of the broken elastic fibers and collagen fibers are not regenerated and restored but replaced by altered fibers. When an elastic fiber is broken in an extended state, it may be replaced by a “long” collagen fiber. Accumulation of “long” collagen fibers makes part of the skin looser and stiffer, and as a consequence, a big fold of skin appears. When a “long” collagen is broken in a compressed state, it may be replaced by a “short” collagen fiber. The “shorter” collagen fibers will restrict the extension of “longer” fibers, and make the “long” fibers in a folding state permanently. A small fold, namely a permanent wrinkle, then appears’

Wrinkles can be caused by internal and external factors. Wrinkles form at the dermis and epidermis levels of the skin. The visual appearance of this is dependent on which layer the wrinkle forms in. According to How Stuff Works, The sun is 90% responsible for wrinkles.

Understanding external and internal factors and how to avoid wrinkle formation and protect against premature aging:

Internal factors:


Glycation (breakdown of collagen by ingested sugar)

Drinking excessive alcohol (causes glycation)

Genetic age (plays a role no matter how healthy you are)

Habitual facial muscles (expression lines)

External factors:




Improper skin care

The Do’s & Don’ts


Wear sunscreen + hat + glasses


Moisturize skin

Eat healthy, anti-oxidant rich foods + foods high in Omegas fatty acids

Take oral supplements

Use active anti-oxidant treatment products

See a Dermatologist

Use a retinol based product or natural derivative

Sleep on a silk pillowcase

Protect children from the Sun at a young age


Get Sun exposure

Get Sun burned (50-80% of sun damage is from childhood burns)


Drink excessive alcohol

Eat excessive sugar or fried


Tug on facial skin

Little tips to consider:

Drinking from a straw may have a similar effect on the lips as smoking as far as developing little wrinkles.

Rubbing the under eye area with wipes of your finger can damage thin, delicate eye tissue. Try tapping eye product instead of rubbing.

Your skin type ca play a role in determining wrinkles also. Oily skin is  less prone to wrinkles. As we age the loss of moisture, collagen and elastin causes sagging, loss of firmness and dryness.

Investing in a silk pillowcase will help skin stay hydrated. Cotton absorbs moisture and can suck the hydration right out of your skin as well as leave sleep wrinkle. You hair will thank you for the pillowcase too.

With so many anti-aging options on the market, how do you decide what is best for you?

“One of the older yet most effective ingredients, Retinol, is still at the top of my list for anti-aging, says Dr. Gary Goldfaden.” A little bit of Retinol each day goes a long way. There seems to be concern about over using this anti aging wonder ingredient, due to some of the red, thin faces you may see out there. Have no fear, as long as you do not overdo, you will reap the benefits of retinol without the side effects.

Breaking Down Retinol:

Retinoids are a derivative of Vitamin A. Retinol is the non-prescription, more gentle version of a retinoid. Retinoids are prescription-only and you need to obtain a prescription from your dermatologist or plastic surgeon. Retinol and retinoids are the favorite anti aging ingredients because so much research has been conducted. Retinoids work by preventing the rise of an enzyme called collagenase and boosting collagen already present in the skin. Retiniods and Retinol speed up

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cell turnover, which causes skin to look younger, tighter and smoother. They also reverse signs of sun damage, fine lines, wrinkles and even out discoloration from the sun, giving the skin tone an all over even look.

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You can expect to see the benefits of Retinoids within 4 weeks of starting. Retinol, due to its more gentle makeup takes around 12 weeks to start noticing a difference, but continual long term usage is extremely beneficial for the skin as it works to . If you are just starting out with retinol, try an over the counter product that won’t be too harsh. Many people have side effects when first starting, so ease your skin in. If you are not seeing the desires results, try a prescription retinol product. If you have sensitive type skin or reactive skin stick with a OTC product that contains hydrating and soothing ingredients.

– Clears Acne
– Diminishes Wrinkles
– Lightens Discoloration + Evens Overall Skin Tone
– Shrinks Pore Size

“When choosing an anti-aging lotion that contains retinol consider other ingredients that help boost the effects. Our Wake Up Call contains alpha lipoic acid, DMAE, glucosamine, CoQ10 and avocado oil which all assist retinol in improving the appearance of photo-damaged, wrinkled, loose skin while the avocado oil helps to hydrate.” Dr. Gary Goldfaden reports

When to Start?:

I often get asked “at what age should I start using retinol?”. This is all dependent on how you have treated you skin thus far. If you’re in your late 20’s and have a lot of sun damage and fine line and wrinkles, then it’s time to start. A good rule of thumb is by 30 you should be using anti-aging products and something that contains retinol. The sooner you start restoring and protecting your skin the better.

Two important tips about seeing the benefits of retinol quicker is to use an exfoliator(chemical or physical) and wear an SPF everyday. Exfoliation helps to remove old dead skin cells which make skin brighter and softer. Protecting your skin by wearing an SPF, you will create less damage and be able to see results quicker. The key is everything helps in the fights against aging!