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Are you red in the face? The culprits that generally cause facial redness especially during the summer can be annoying but are possible to manage and/or even avoid. Certain topical skincare products as well as warm temperatures, exercising outdoors, certain foods and drinks can encourage facial redness. Dr. G breaks down the culprits with tips and tricks to try this summer.


Exercise induced redness:

  • Occurs when the small capillaries widen to send more oxygen to the muscles
  • Facial redness generally affects those with fair skin more than others
  • Occurs due to the body temperature rising as extra blood rushes to the surface of the skin as a result of working hard

Solutions:

  • Try running indoor at the gym with the AC on
  • Take a cold shower post workout. Not only does cold-water help with redness it cools your body down fast
  • Keep a cold bottle of water and towel with you and use as a compress

Product induced redness:

  • Retinol is a necessary powerhouse but absolutely has side effects. Vitamin A (the ingredient that makes up Retinol) can cause redness, dryness and sun sensitivity
  • If you want to stay on your Retinol regimen, cut back on the number of days you use these types of products
  • ALWAYS wear an SPF + HAT
  • Limit acids, Glycolic, and aggressive exfoliators (go gentle on the scrubbing)

Alcohol + Food induced redness:

  • All alcohol can cause facial redness but wine tends to be the worst due to sulfites, tannins and histamines. * try mixing in a sparkling water or skip the alcohol all together
  • Caffeine (especially if you have Rosacea) but the heat of the coffee may add insult to injury of already redness prone skin
  • Spicy food * Dr. G says “reach for hydrating fruit instead”

Dr. G says increase anti-inflammatory, cooling and soothing ingredients /foods

  • Red Tea (Rooibos)
  • Alpha Lipoic Acid
  • Green Tea
  • Oatmeal
  • Cucumbers

If excessive redness does happen, try applying a cool compress, splashing your face with very cold water, going indoors and allowing your body to cool off. Wearing a little concealer on areas that do tend to get red can help too.

Niacinamide is made up of a combination vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, and it’s a potent cell-communicating ingredient that offers multiple benefits for aging skin. Assuming skin is being protected from sun exposure, niacinamide can improve skin’s elasticity, dramatically enhance its barrier function, help erase discolorations, and revive skin’s healthy tone and texture. It is a vitamin that has excellent clinicals to substantiate its benefit in almost every skin condition and here’s what you need to know about it and why you should be using it.

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Image via StyleCaster

The Benefits:

  • Improves skin elasticity
  • Enhance skin barrier function
  • Reduce pigmentation
  • Elevate skin tone and texture
  • Minimize the depth and appearance of fine lines

How it works:

Niacinamide is a derivative of Vitamin B3 that offers major barrier protection to the skin and suppresses melanin from reaching the surface of the skin and protects the skin from further UV damage. Too much melanin (which is a naturally occurring substance in the body that is responsible for both its color the skin’s absorption of UV rays) can result in age spots, freckles, and hyper-pigmentation. According to a study done by Proctor and Gamble, data revealed that 5% Niacinamide applied to the face for 12 weeks resulted in reductions of fine lines and wrinkles, hyperpigmented spots, red blotchiness, and skin sallowness (yellowing). In addition, elasticity (as measured via cutometry) was improved.

“Topical application of Niacinamide has been shown to increase ceramide and free fatty acid levels in skin, prevent skin from losing water content, and stimulate microcirculation in the dermis” according to the British Journal of Dermatology in 2000.

Studies have also indicated niacinamide to be soothing and an anti-inflammatory, proving beneficial in the treatment of rosacea and acne solving properties.

Bottom line; it’s a powerhouse ingredient that works wonders for multiple skin behaviors and concerns.

Check out Wake Up Call and Hands To Heart from Goldfaden MD which both contain Niacinamide.

Our friends at Mom.me recently sat down with Dr. Goldfaden to get the inside scoop on proper products for your skin type. Not all products are for everyone and learning what is best may just save your skin.

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Photo via Ultimate Beauty Guide 

Oily Skin

The good news : Oily skin tends to show age and wrinkles less and later than dry or delicate skin.

What to use : Choose a cleanser that doesn’t dry the skin out thus producing more oil. Look for gel based cleansers that utilize fruit based enzymes, like grapefruit . Exfoliation whether chemical(with acids) or physical (scrubs) can be particularly beneficial in regulating oil. Cleansers with salicylic acid are also very beneficial.

Acne Scars

The good news : Microdermabrasion treatments are very beneficial for smoothing out acne scars as well as some types of lasers.

What to use : Our Doctors Scrub Advanced is the perfect treatment for this as it can be used at home and more frequently than an in-office Microdermabrasion treatment.

Adult Acne

The good news : There are many natural ways to treat. This can be caused by stress, hormonal changes due to birth control pills, having babies and menopause. If the onset of adult acne is stress induced, look at ways to lower the stress level in your life. Stress shows on the face in more ways than just adult acne(it also causes wrinkles). Exercising and sweating can help as they help get circulation and blood flow going.

What to use: If the acne is hormonal try adjusting your daily skincare regimen. Try not to aggregate already angry, inflamed and irritated skin. Wash with cool water instead of hot as hot water causes redness and blood vessels to open and inflammation. Switch to more natural types of products as many ingredients such as silicones and mineral oil clog pores. Do not pick-ever! Find a serum that contains ingredients that help to sooth skin and reduce redness and inflammation. Ingredients to look for are Red Tea or arnica. Our Radical Difference was created for these complaints.

Dehydrated/Dry/Flaky Skin

The good news : You may just be over doing on your skin. Ease up on exfoliation, peels and wipes. Take a break from your cleanser and look for one that is milky or oil based but formulated without harsh ingredients that can strip skin.

What to use : Two gentle cleansers to look at are REN Rosa Centifolia No.1 Purity Cleansing Balm or Tatcha Camelia Cleansing Oil. Choose a hydrating moisturizer that contains coconut oil or avocado oil along with Hyaluronic acid. Facial oils that utilize Baobab oil and Kalahari oil, which contain Omegas, are also beneficial for very dry skin.

Rosacea

The good news : You may not need prescription medication. While there are numerous types of prescription medications a Dermatologist can prescribe depending on the severity of the Rosacea, you may not actually need them. You could try IPL (intense pulsed light) , which has a high success rate and also keeps the complexion clear and smooth.

What to try: A more natural approach would be to look at lifestyle triggers and then avoid or eliminate them from diet and everyday life. Triggers can be alcohol, spicy foods, caffeine, strenuous exercise, extreme heat(hot yoga), stress, too much sun, and some medications like steroid hormones. An anti inflammatory diet can help keep Rosacea at bay and also ingesting anti inflammatory tea and herbs such as Rooibos(Red Tea), tumeric and ginger.